Golf Performance

Strategies for Preventing Golf Shoulder Pain

Golfer swinging, white polo shirt and white pants.


Golf is an excellent sport that combines skill, precision, and endurance. While it offers numerous health benefits, avid golfers may be familiar with the occasional aches and pains associated with the game. One common complaint is golf shoulder pain, affecting both left and right shoulders.

In this blog post, we will delve into the causes, types of golf injuries, and effective strategies for preventing and treating golf-related shoulder pain.

How Can Golf Cause Pain in The Shoulder

Understanding how golf contributes to shoulder pain is essential for golfers of all levels. These are the potential stressors:

  • Repetitive Motion: In professional golfers, nearly 80% of injuries stem from overuse. The golf swing involves a repetitive sequence of motions, especially during practice sessions or a day of play, that can lead to overuse of the shoulder muscles.
  • Complexity of the Swing: The intricacies of the swing can lead to fatigue of multiple muscle groups and strain on the shoulders, particularly if the technique is not optimal.
  • Rotational Forces: The powerful rotation of the torso and shoulders, especially during the downswing, places significant rotational forces on the shoulder joint, contributing to wear and tear over time.
  • Torque on the Shoulder: Torque, or the rotational force applied to an object, is a fundamental aspect of the golf swing. The torque generated during the swing can place significant pressure on the shoulder joint and surrounding structures, potentially leading to pain and discomfort.
  • Uneven Stress Distribution: The golf swing often involves uneven stress distribution between the lead shoulder (left shoulder for a right-handed golfer) and the trailing shoulder. This imbalance can contribute to overuse injuries, with one shoulder experiencing more strain than the other.
  • Impact of Poor Technique: Golfers employing poor swing mechanics or inefficient golf club techniques may unknowingly heighten pressure on their shoulder joints, elevating the risk of golf shoulder injury.

Common Shoulder Injuries in Golf

Rotator Cuff Tear

Shoulder pain, frequently attributed to rotator cuff injuries, arises when rotator cuff tendons become trapped beneath the bony shoulder area, causing inflammation or damage. The rotator cuff muscle and tendons around the shoulder joint can be prone to tears because of the repetitive motion involved in the golf swing.

Shoulder Tendonitis

Tendonitis, a common injury among golfers who frequently repeat the same motions, involves inflammation of the shoulder tendons, often presenting as pain and swelling. Managing this discomfort may include the use of anti-inflammatories for effective relief.

Shoulder Joint Instability

The forceful rotation of the shoulder during a golf swing can result in a specific type of injury—joint instability, including the risk of posterior instability. Golfers with this condition often feel looseness or slipping in the shoulder, emphasizing the importance of proper shoulder external rotation in preventing such injuries.

Shoulder Impingement

Shoulder impingement syndrome, where the shoulder blade rubs against underlying tendons, causing pain and discomfort, is common among golfers due to the repetitive overhead motion of the swing.

Frozen Shoulders

Characterized by stiffness, restricted shoulder motion, and often accompanied by a sore shoulder, frozen shoulders can develop in golfers who overuse their shoulders without proper rest and stretching

Identifying Shoulder Injuries in Golf

Recognizing the signs of shoulder injuries is crucial for early intervention and effective management, especially for golfers at risk for injuries.

Prompt medical attention is essential if experiencing:

Persistent Pain: Any enduring or recurring pain in the shoulder, especially during or after a round of golf, should not be ignored. This includes dull aches, sharp twinges, or discomfort during specific movements – a common type of discomfort among golfers.

Swelling: Visible swelling or a feeling of fullness around the shoulder joint indicates inflammation. Golfers should address swelling promptly, as it may be a sign of overuse or an acute injury.

Weakness: Sudden or gradual loss of strength in the shoulder can indicate an underlying issue. Difficulty maintaining control during the swing or weakness during routine activities should be evaluated.

Limited Range of Motion: Difficulty moving the shoulder through its normal range is a red flag. This may manifest as stiffness, tightness, or a sensation of being “locked” in a certain position.

Pain During Specific Movements: Pay attention to pain during specific phases of the golf swing, such as the backswing, downswing, or follow-through. This can indicate stress on particular structures in the shoulder.

How to Avoid Shoulder Pain in Golf

Preventing shoulder pain involves a combination of proper technique, conditioning, and self-care, which is crucial for minimizing the risk of golf-related injuries.

Here are some tips:

Proper Warm-up: Begin your golf session with a thorough warm-up to prepare the shoulder muscles for the demands of the swing, ensuring proper form and significantly reducing the risk of actual injuries.

Technique Matters: Work with a golf professional to ensure your swing technique is biomechanically sound, reducing the strain on your shoulders—especially crucial for patients with golf-related shoulder concerns.

Strengthening Exercises: Incorporate shoulder-strengthening exercises into your fitness routine to build muscle endurance, seeking guidance from a personal trainer or orthopedic surgeon for optimal results and to support the health of connective tissues.

Recovery: Avoid overplaying and allow your shoulders adequate time for rest and recovery to mitigate opportunities for overuse, ensuring a prolonged and healthier golf career.

Treatment Option

The crucial step in overcoming and preventing shoulder pain is to regain motion and stability in the shoulder. If shoulder pain arises, various treatment options can help alleviate discomfort and promote healing:

  • Rest and Ice: Allow the shoulder to rest, and apply ice to reduce inflammation.
  • Physical Therapy: Work with a physical therapist to strengthen the shoulder muscles and improve flexibility.
  • Medication: Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory medications may be recommended to manage pain and swelling.
  • Injections: In some cases, to reduce inflammation, corticosteroid injections, commonly known as steroid injections, may be administered.

Don’tDon’tDon’t Let Shoulder Pain Stop Your Swing

With the right approach, including understanding golf swing mechanics, early issue identification, and preventive measures, golfers can enjoy their sport while minimizing shoulder injury risks. Seeking guidance from an orthopedic specialist adds an extra layer of assurance in maintaining optimal shoulder health.

Regular physical therapy enhances muscle strength and joint stability, effectively managing shoulder pain for a more comfortable golfing experience. Elevate your golf performance with The Royal Treatment Therapy and Performance – your partner in achieving peak athletic condition.


Shoulder pain in golf is a common challenge, but with awareness and proactive measures, golfers can maintain a healthy and pain-free shoulder. Whether you’re dealing with left shoulder pain golf or right shoulder pain golf, a combination of proper technique, strengthening exercises, and timely treatment can keep you swinging smoothly on the golf course. 

Remember, taking care of your shoulders is not just about enhancing your golf game but also ensuring long-term joint health and overall well-being.

Schedule An Appointment Today!